To understand the preliminary stages of Saul’s final confrontation with the Philistines, one must recognize the objectives of the author of the Book of Samuel. He seeks to exonerate David from any responsibility for military action against his own people or against Saul.
Jacob and his sons were allowed to settle in a choice portion of “the land of Ramesses” (Gen 47:11) called “the land of Goshen.” The city of Ramesses (Egyptian: “the House of Pr- Ramesses”) was built on the former site of the Hyksos capital, Avaris. It served as the northern capital for the pharaohs of the nineteenth and twentieth dynasties.
Saul was the last of the judges and the first of Israel's kings. Saul not only delivered Israel from the Philistine yoke, but also warred upon all the other surrounding enemies, and he “delivered Israel out of the hands of those who plundered them'' (1 Sam 14:48).