The southern hill country was dominated by Jerusalem, whose ruler, `Abdi-Kheba, was supported by agarrison of Nubian mercenaries. The Amarna letters tell of conflict between `Abdi-Kheba and hisneighbors on the coastal plain.
The siege and conquest of Avaris and the expulsion of the last Hyksos ruler of the XVth Dynasty isrecorded in the tomb inscription of one professional soldier whose career spanned the reigns of the first three kings of Dynasty XVIII. That is the text from the tomb of Ahmose, son of the woman...
The last third of the fourteenth century B.C., during the reign of Tutankhamen, Ay and Horemheb, saw Egypt hard-pressed to maintain her hold on Canaan. The political unrest in Egypt itself was resolved by the time Horemheb's successor, Ramesses I, had founded the nineteenth dynasty (1293 B.C.).